Structure of an Ancient Respiratory System
but there's an awful lot in it. Here again is their working model of the MBH from Pyrococcus furiosus:
The Na+ channel on the right hand end shown as MbhC was looked at in great detail in the paper and is very convincingly a Na+ channel. The group never looked at the actual structure of the unpowered antiporter Mrp so they are working with other people's assumptions, some of which are quite likely better than others as regards the nature of the ion favoured by a particular channel. So here is the membrane arm of MBH they ended up with, labelled to represent the unpowered original Mrp antiporter. Obviously the hydrogenase has been replaced by the MrpA N-terminal:
Now the problem with this, apart from the highly electrogenic charge exchange of three protons in for one Na+ out, is that the left hand MrpA module is actually a Na+ channel. There's lots of pretty convincing evidence for this but I won't waffle on any more about it. So lets set up the Mrp antiporter as a pure H+/Na+ exchanger like this:
Two protons inwards, two Na+ antiported outwards, what could be nicer? This is the structure favoured by group in Sweden comparing MrpA and MrpD with the antiporter-like subunits of complex I.
Functional Differentiation of Antiporter-Like Polypeptides in Complex I; a Site-Directed Mutagenesis Study of Residues Conserved in MrpA and NuoL but Not in MrpD, NuoM, and NuoN
I think it might be completely wrong.
So Yu et al and Sperling et al have rather different ideas about the function of various channels in the Mrp complex. No one is really talking about why there should be four channels...
The modern Mrp antiporter is very interesting in it's own right. It needs a little post of its own.